In this tutorial, you will learn what is a Breakout and Pullback in Technical Analysis.
We have seen that horizontal trend-lines make up important levels of resistance and static support.
These are we build essential levels because of many operational strategies around these areas.
Exceeding and falling these levels often leads to sharp price accelerations.
Later, traders who realize that they are on the wrong side of the market fuelled the price acceleration.
We, so, describe this behavior, which is very interesting to understand the most many dynamics that develop in the various financial markets.
Let us assume that, after an inevitable decline in market size, prices form a significant minimum.
Prices, because of an increase in upward pressure, interrupt their fall, and experience recovery.
This minimum, therefore, makes up strong support and shows that we have opened many long positions around that area.
The buyers, therefore, intervened, because they assume that the market can rise again with a particular decision.
But if the market, after a weak recovery, were to suffer a further decline under the support area.
Here is that many buyers would find themselves with positions in loss and could close them in stop loss.
The collapse of this support level can, so, trigger a marked strengthening of the downward pressure.
Both for the closure of these long positions and the short entry of the trend following traders.
Prices, in this way, speed up downwards and draw what we call a downward breakout.
The opposite happens when prices form a significant maximum.
Prices interrupt their growth because of an increase in bearish pressure.
This maximum makes up strong resistance and highlights an interesting area.
In this area, traders could open short positions if they believe that the market may suffer a rapid decline.
When the market, after a timid correction, continues in its upward movement, many short sellers would find themselves with positions in a loss.
Exceeding this level of resistance can, so, trigger a marked strengthening of the upward pressure.
Both for the closure of short positions and the long entry of new operators of the following trend.
Prices, in this way, rip upwards, with the market designing a typical upward breakout.
We call one of the most frequent movements made by financial markets Pullback.
This term refers to a return movement made from prices towards an area of resistance and support exceeded.
We describe the behavior below.
We have seen that prices, after giving up an important support area, speed up downwards.
This downward wave pushes the market to new decreasing lows and confirms the negative trend.
From this new min then begins a technical rebound which will have to deal, as the primary resistance, with the ceded support area.
This area, as support, so becomes resistant.
Around these levels, possible to expect an increase in the downward pressure.
These operators, if they have not stopped their positions, wait for a rebound towards their load values to leave the market on an equal footing or with the least loss.
Prices, having surpassed a crucial area of resistance, speed up upwards.
This upward trend pushes the market towards new and increasing highs and confirms the positive trend in which we insert it.
From these new maxima begins a physiological correction that will find, as the first support, the previously exceeded resistance zone.
This area of resistance, therefore, becomes supportive because, around these levels, it is possible to expect an increase in upward pressure fed by those investors who had previously opened short positions.
These operators, if they have not immediately stopped their positions, wait for a correction of the market towards their load values, to exit the market on an equal footing or with the least loss.